Research and Publications

Working papers (please send me an email for the latest version)

Cooperation under social and strategic uncertainty:  The role of risk and social capital in rural Cambodia
(with Esther Schuch, Tum Nhim, and Simone Dirks)

Control activities and compliance behavior
(with Florian Diekert and Linda Nøstbakken)

Institutions and inequality interplay shapes the impact of economic growth on biodiversity loss
(with Usman Mirza, Egbert van Nes, and Marten Scheffer)

Sticky institutions may prevent adaptation of fisheries to climate change
(with Esther Schuch and Silke Gabbert)

Tracing intuitive judgment of experts in fish stock assessments data
(with Esther Schuch)

Reciprocal citizen – Cuts in public spending reduce voluntary
contributions in a field experiment
(with Stijn Reinhard)

A threshold public good game with public good and public bad framing
(with Esther Schuch and Tum Nhim)

Why do fishermen comply with regulations? The role of preferences
(with Florian Diekert, Yunhao Li, and Linda Nøstbakken)

When is a fish stock collapsed?
(with Johanna Yletyinen, Will Butler et al.)

Voting on costly institutions in public goods: Experimental  evidence from Cambodia
(with Tum Nhim and Esther Schuch)

The invisible hand of social norms
(with Åke Brännström and Ulf Dieckmann)


Research publications

Winter, A.‐M., A. Richter, A.,  A.M. Eikeset (2020) “Implications of Allee effects for fisheries management in a changing climate: evidence from Atlantic cod“,  Ecological Applications 30(1): e01994.

Schaap, R. and A. Richter (2019) ”Overcapitalization and social norms of cooperation in a small-scale fishery”, Ecological Economics 166: 106438.


Isaksen, E. and A. Richter (2019) “Tragedy, property rights, and the commons – Investigating the causal relationship from institutions to ecosystem collapse”, Journal of Association of Environmental and Resource Economists 6(4):741-781.

Isaksen, E., K.A Brekke, A. Richter (2019) “When kindness generates unkindness. Why positive framing cannot solve the Tragedy of the commons”. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 95, 45-56.

Mirza, MU,  A Richter, EH van Nes, M Scheffer (2019) “Technology driven inequality leads to poverty and resource depletion”.  Ecological Economics 160, 215-226 (open access).

Richter, A., A.M. Eikeset, D. van Soest, F.K. Diekert, N.C. Stenseth (2018) “Optimal management under institutional constraints: Determining a total allowable catch for different fleet segments in the North East Arctic cod fishery” Environmental and Resource Economics 69(4):811–835 (open access). This paper has been circulating before as: Towards the Optimal Management of the Northeast Arctic Cod Fishery

Nhim, T., A. Richter, X. Zhu (2018) “The resilience of social norms of cooperation under resource scarcity and inequality – An agent-based model on sharing water over two harvesting seasons”.  Ecological Complexity 40(B): 100709

Niiranen S., A. Richter. T. Blenckner, L.C. Stige, M. Valman, and A.M. Eikeset (2018) “Global connectivity and cross-scale interactions create uncertainty for Blue Growth of Arctic Fisheries”, Marine Policy 87: 321-330.

Richter, A., R. Groeneveld (2018) “Klimaatverandering: Wie past zich aan, de mens of de natuur?”. Preadviezen van de Koninklijke Vereniging voor de Staathuishoudkunde 022-029, Koninklijke Vereniging voor de Staatshuishoudkunde.

Holt, R.E. et al. (2017) “Avoiding pitfalls in interdisciplinary education” Climate Research 74:121-129 (open access)

Diekert, F.K., A. Richter, I.M. Rivrud, A. Mysterud (2016), “How constraints affect the hunter’s decision to shoot a deer” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113: 14450-14455  (open access).

Pedersen, M. et al. (2016) Trends in marine climate change research in the Nordic region since the first IPCC report, Climatic Change, 1: 147-161.

Richter A. and V. Dakos (2015), “Profit fluctuations signal eroding resilience of natural resources”. Ecological Economics, 117, 12-21.

Boonstra, W. J., et al. (2015). “What are the major global threats and impacts in marine environments? Investigating the contours of a shared perception among marine scientists from the bottom-up.” Marine Policy 60(0): 197-201.

Eikeset, A.M, A. Richter, E. Dunlop, U. Dieckmann, and Nils Chr. Stenseth (2013), “Economic repercussions of fisheries-induced evolution”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110: 12259-12264  (open access).

Richter, A., D.P. van Soest, and J. Grasman (2013), “Temptation, contagious cooperation and ecosystem collapse”. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 66: 141-158  (open access).

Richter, A. and J. Grasman (2013), “The transmission of sustainable harvesting norms when agents are conditionally cooperative“. Ecological Economics 93 : 202-209 (open access).

Eikeset, A.M., A. Richter,   E. Dunlop, M. Heino, U. Dieckmann, and N.C. Stenseth (2013), “A bio-economic analysis of alternative harvest control rules in the Northeast Arctic cod fishery”. Marine Policy 39, 172-181 (open access).

Richter, A. and D.P. van Soest (2012), “Global environmental problems, voluntary action and government intervention”. In: Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms. E. Brousseau, T. Dedeurwaerdere, P.A. Jouvet and M. Willinger (eds), Oxford University Press, pp. 223-248.

Richter, A. (2011), “The coevolution of renewable resources and institutions”. ESB – Economisch Statistische Berichten 96, 318.

Eikeset, A.M., A. Richter, F.K. Diekert, D.J. Dankel, and N.C. Stenseth (2011), “Unintended Consequences Sneak in the Back Door: Making wise use of Regulations in Fisheries Management”. In “Ecosystem Based Management for Marine Fisheries: An Evolving Perspective” A. Belgrano & C. W. Fowler (eds), Cambridge University Press, pp. 183-218.


PhD thesis

Richter, A. (2011), “The coevolution of renewable resources and institutions – Implications for policy design.” PhD thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen.